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Healthy eating2019-05-20T08:51:07+02:00

Healthy eating

For a healthy life

Milk

When we use the word "milk", in Italy at least, we mean cow's milk, but the term is also used for its other variants (sheep's milk, buffalo's milk etc) Chemically speaking, milk is an emulsion of oil in water, with varying sizes of globules of fat depending on the animal species, which also determines the different composition that milk can have: In all cases, water is the main component; Fats, mostly saturated, are the main energy source found in milk, generally in the form of triglycerides. In commercial whole milk taken from cows, there are 3.5 - 3.7 g of [...]

Meat or fish? Both!

The word "meat" refers to all the edible parts of warm-blooded animals, which also includes internal organs, innards or entrails. In everyday language and in many regulations, the term excludes fish and fishery products, so it is actually the flesh of the fish that is referred to with the term "fish". According to the European Council, meat is divided into different categories according to the animal it comes from: domestic ungulates (cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, horses); poultry; rabbits, hares and rodents; game. Meat is also commonly categorised according to its colour: red meat (ox, horse, mutton and some birds like [...]

The bioactive components in food

Foods are defined as "complex matrices" because they are made up of many different components. The main components are nutrients: macronutrients (proteins, carbohydrates and fats), micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) and water. Nutrients can have different qualities and be found in different amounts in different foods, and this defines not only their nutritional value but also their organoleptic qualities. All foods are mixtures of different nutrients, with very few exceptions such as table sugar, which only contains sucrose. Even oils, which are usually thought to consist only of fats, actually contain other nutrients such as vitamin E. To add the complexity [...]

Water as food

When we talk about food, we hardly ever consider water, which is actually the most important food. Suffice it to say that without drinking, you can survive on average no more than three days, while without eating, you can survive, albeit with severe metabolic disorders, for more than a month. Why do we need water so much? Because it is the largest percentage component of our body (in adults it adds up to 60-65% of body weight), and because we "lose water" continuously: first with urine, but also with the so-called "extra-renal loss" represented by sweat (this amount is very [...]

Vitamins for life

Vitamins are acaloric nutrients, that is, our bodies cannot derive energy from vitamins introduced in food. The fact that they do not add to energy levels does not mean that they are not important: on the contrary, they are paramount to maintaining a healthy metabolism and working bodily functions. Vitamins are not only found in plant-based foods. Vitamins are found in all foods, but obviously each food has different amounts of certain vitamins. For example, vitamin C can only be found in plant-based foods, and vitamin B12 in animal source foods. A deficiency of vitamin B12 is the main challenge [...]